What Are The Stages Of The Court Process?

What are the 7 steps of a trial?

Criminal Trial PhasesChoosing a Jury.Opening Statements.Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.Closing Arguments.Jury Instruction.Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict..

What do judges base their decisions on?

Judges base their decisions on precedents set in similar cases.

How long does it take for a civil case?

Civil court trials take longer and are typically set for trial a year or 18 months after being filed. Criminal trials are set sooner since the defendant has a right to a speedy trial.

What are the three most common types of civil cases?

These are some of the most common types of cases to appear in civil court.Contract Disputes. Contract disputes occur when one or more parties who signed a contract cannot or will not fulfill their obligations. … Property Disputes. … Torts. … Class Action Cases. … Complaints Against the City.

What are the steps in the court process?

Investigation.Charging.Initial Hearing/Arraignment.Discovery.Plea Bargaining.Preliminary Hearing.Pre-Trial Motions.Trial.More items…

What are the 4 stages of a civil case?

Most civil lawsuits can be divided broadly into these stages:Pre-filing stage. During this stage, the dispute arises and the parties gather information, try to negotiate a resolution, and prepare for the possibility of a court case. … Pleading stage. … Discovery stage. … Pre-trial stage. … Trial Stage. … Post-trial stage.

What are the 5 stages of the criminal justice system?

There are five stages of our criminal justice system; they are investigation and arrest, pretrial activities, trial, sentencing, and corrections.

What are the 12 steps of a criminal trial?

12 Steps Of A Trial Flashcards PreviewOpening statement made by the prosecutor or plaintiff.Opening statement made by the defendant.Direct examination by plaintiff or prosecutor.Cross examination by defense.Motions.Direct examination by defense.Cross examination by prosecutor or plaintiff.More items…

What is the first step in a civil case?

Pleadings – the First Step in a Civil Lawsuit. The pleadings are the initial step in the civil lawsuit. Each side, or party, will file paperwork, in the right court, to explain their side of the story. The person bringing on the lawsuit, or plaintiff, will file a complaint.