Quick Answer: What Is GL Reconciliation?

How is subledger linked to GL?

A sub ledger is used for tracking individual items and transactions separate to the General Ledger (GL).

Each sub-ledger links to the GL by way of a control account (e.g.

Debtors control the AR sub-ledger etc.).

The total of the sub-ledger account should equal the balabce in the control account at all times..

What is r2r cycle?

Record to report (R2R) is a finance and accounting management process that involves collecting, processing and presenting accurate financial data. R2R provides strategic, financial and operational feedback on the performance of the organization to inform management and other stakeholders.

What is GL reconciliation in SAP?

When you post items to a subsidiary ledger, the SAP system automatically posts the same data to the general ledger at the same time. Each subsidiary ledger has one or more reconciliation accounts in the general ledger. These reconciliation accounts ensure that the balance of G/L accounts is always zero.

What is GL accounting?

A general ledger, or GL, is a means for keeping record of a company’s total financial accounts. Accounts typically recorded in a general ledger include: assets, liabilities, equity, expenses, and income or revenue. … Periodically, all transactions made within a company are posted to the general ledger.

What is bank reconciliation and steps of bank reconciliation?

A bank reconciliation is the process of matching the balances in an entity’s accounting records for a cash account to the corresponding information on a bank statement. … A bank reconciliation should be completed at regular intervals for all bank accounts, to ensure that a company’s cash records are correct.

What is customer reconciliation?

Customer Reconciliation is the process of comparing the outstanding customer balance or bills to the accounts receivable as recorded in the general ledger. The customer reconciliation is a part of accounts closing activity and is usually conducted at the month-end before issuance of monthly financial statements.

What are the types of reconciliation?

Types of reconciliationBank reconciliation. … Vendor reconciliation. … Customer reconciliation.Intercompany reconciliation. … Business specific reconciliation. … Accurate annual accounts must be maintained by all businesses. … Maintain good relationships with suppliers. … Avoid late payments and penalties from banks.More items…

What is the difference between Ledger and subledger?

The key difference between General Ledger and Sub Ledger is that General ledger prepared by the company is the set of the different master accounts in which the transactions of the business are recorded from the related subsidiary ledgers, whereas, Sub ledger act as an intermediary account set that is linked with the …

What is GL code?

Introduction. The general ledger is an accounting document that provides a general overview of an organization’s financial transactions. An account, or general ledger (GL) code, is a number used to record business transactions in the general ledger.

What is AP AR GL in accounting?

AR is Accounts Receivable. AP is Accounts Payable. GL is General Ledger. In Bank, there are two counter, one is for Cash Receipt and another one is for Cash Payment.

Is the general journal the same as the general ledger?

The general ledger contains a summary of every recorded transaction, while the general journal contains the original entries for most low-volume transactions. When an accounting transaction occurs, it is first recorded in the accounting system in a journal.

What is reconciliation process?

Reconciliation is an accounting process that compares two sets of records to check that figures are correct and in agreement. … Account reconciliation is particularly useful for explaining the difference between two financial records or account balances.

How do you prepare a reconciliation?

Bank Reconciliation: A Step-by-Step GuideCOMPARE THE DEPOSITS. Match the deposits in the business records with those in the bank statement. … ADJUST THE BANK STATEMENTS. Adjust the balance on the bank statements to the corrected balance. … ADJUST THE CASH ACCOUNT. … COMPARE THE BALANCES.

What is GL process?

General Ledger in simple language is grouping of transactions of similar nature. An organization has multiple transactions in a day. Every transaction leads to two entries as per the double entry system of bookkeeping. These entries are then posted in respective accounts called ledgers.

What are the 4 closing entries?

Recording closing entries: There are four closing entries; closing revenues to income summary, closing expenses to income summary, closing income summary to retained earnings, and close dividends to retained earnings.

What is GL journal entries?

An accounting journal entry is the method used to enter an accounting transaction into the accounting records of a business. The accounting records are aggregated into the general ledger, or the journal entries may be recorded in a variety of sub-ledgers, which are later rolled up into the general ledger.

What goes in general ledger?

What Is a General Ledger? … The general ledger holds account information that is needed to prepare the company’s financial statements, and transaction data is segregated by type into accounts for assets, liabilities, owners’ equity, revenues, and expenses.

What is Ledger example?

A ledger account contains a record of business transactions. It is a separate record within the general ledger that is assigned to a specific asset, liability, equity item, revenue type, or expense type. Examples of ledger accounts are: Cash. Accounts receivable.

What is general ledger with an example?

A common example of a general ledger account that can become a control account is Accounts Receivable. The summary amounts are found in the Accounts Receivable control account and the details for each customer’s credit activity will be contained in the Accounts Receivable subsidiary ledger.

Why we do GL reconciliation?

General Ledger Reconciliation Using GAAP Principles Provides a basis to check all other financial statements for accuracy. Offers a complete, accurate record of your company’s financial activity. Helps you spot theft within 30 days of its occurrence, hopefully while the losses are still small and manageable.

How do you reconcile GL accounts?

The reconciliation process at the account level typically comprises the following steps:Beginning balance investigation. Match the beginning balance in the account to the ending reconciliation detail from the prior period. … Current period investigation. … Adjustments review. … Reversals review. … Ending balance review.