Question: What Is 73rd And 74th Amendment?

What is the difference between 73rd and 74th Amendment Act?

Urban localities, covered in the 74th amendment to the Constitution, have Nagar Palika but derive their powers from the individual state governments, while the powers of rural localities have been formalized under the panchayati raj system, under the 73rd amendment to the Constitution..

Who is the father of Panchayati Raj system?

Balwant Rai MehtaBalwant Rai Mehta was a parliamentarian when the committee was established. He is credited for pioneering the concept the Panchayati Raj in India and also known as Father of Panchayati Raj in India.

What are the main provisions of 73rd Amendment Act?

The provisions of 73rd Amendment Act made it mandatory the elections to Panchayats in due time on regular basis. It makes provisions for the reservation of seats at all the three levels in favour of women, the scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes and the other backward classes.

What is Article 243 A?

Article-243 A. Gram Sabha. – A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. Article-243B.

In which state there is no Panchayati Raj?

Currently, the Panchayati Raj system exists in all states except Nagaland, Meghalaya, and Mizoram, and in all Union Territories except Delhi.

Who was the prime minister of India when the historical 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution were passed?

Narsimha RaoNarsimha Rao became Prime Minister of India. In September 1991, 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments were introduced in the parliament by his government.

What was the theme of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act 1992?

Twenty five years after the passing of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, aimed at strengthening democracy at grass root level through local bodies, only 11 states have managed to devolve municipal functions to Urban Local Bodies, a NITI Aayog official said.

What year were the 73 and 74 amendments passed?

199273rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments were passed by Parliament in December, 1992. Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in rural and urban India.

In which year was the 74th Amendment of the Constitution passed?

The 11th September, 1991. [20th April, 1993.] An Act further to amend the Constitution of India. 1.

What is Panchayati Raj Act?

An act to provide for the Constitution of Halqa Panchayats, Block Development Councils and the District Planning and Development Boards and matters connected therewith. … – (1) This Act may be called the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989.

What is the importance of 73rd and 74th amendment?

A multi- faceted approach was adopted, with particular emphasis being laid on the implementation of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, 1992, which gave Constitutional status to panchayati raj institutions (PRIs) and urban local bodies (ULBs) respectively, in both letter and spirit in order to bring about …

What is the 73rd Amendment?

The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 has added a new part IX consisting of 16 Articles and the Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution. The 73th Amendment envisages the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayat Raj System to perform functions and powers entrusted to it by the State Legislatures.

What are the features of 74th Amendment Act?

The salient features of this Act are: Urban local bodies, to be known as Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils and Nagar Panchayat depending on the population, shall be constituted through universal adult franchise in each notified urban area of the country.

What changes came in Panchayati Raj after 73rd Amendment?

Some of the important changes brought about by the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution and the Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act 1994 are listed below: a) Introduction of a three tier system – at the Village, Intermediate (Block) and District levels.